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November Garden Tips

Planting:

  • Finish planting cool-season flowers such as calendula, cineraria, dianthus, delphiniums, Iceland poppies, nemesia, pansies, snapdragon, stock, and wild flowers. We carry a wide variety of Stover® & Lilly Miller® Seeds for you to choose from.

  • Sow seeds for wildflowers like California poppy, Chinese houses, mountain garland, owl’s cover and farewell-to-spring. Plant or sow just before a big storm or between storms. Fall is the best time to plant your Native Wild Flower Garden!! We recommend Stover® Wild Flower Seeds.

  • Plant groundcovers.

  • Plant a basket of narcissus for holiday bloom.

  • Continue to plant bulbs. Plant any spring-flowering bulb that doesn’t require pre-chilling. Choices include anemones, daffodils, grape hyacinth, ranunculus, scilla, and species tulips. South African bulbs such as freesia, ixia, sparaxis and watsonia are well suited to our climate. Pre-chill tulips, crocus and hyacinths; refrigerate for 6 to 8 weeks before planting in December (inland) or January (coast). When planting use NEW Gardner & Bloome® Bone Meal.

  • Plant flowering kale
     
  • Continue to plant winter vegetables, including garlic, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, celery, kale, hohlrabi, mustard, lettuce and other greens. Also beets, carrots, radishes, turnips and other root crops. Use high quality seeds from Stover®.

  • Continue to plant winter herbs such as rosemary, lavender, thyme and rue. You can plant annual herbs such as borage, calendula, cilantro, chickweed, chives and nasturtium.

  • Plant Onions: to harvest big sweet onions next June, sow seeds of winter onions early this month.  Winter onions that grow well here though the winter months include Gano, Granex, Imperial Sweet and Crystal Wax.

  • Plant bare-root strawberries before mid-month. Use your own pre-chilled runners or plants purchased from a nursery.

  • Divide and plant agapanthus.

  • November is an excellent time to plant California Natives. There are many to choose from. Check out the California Native Plant Society at http://www.cnps.org/

  • Now is a good time to plant or repair lawns. Whether you are starting a new lawn or repairing thin areas of your existing turf, these brands are available in different sizes to fit your growing area.
    • Grangetto’s Tall or Dwarf Fescue Seed (on sale this month!!)
    • Marathon I or Marathon II Lawn Seed
    • Am Sod Tall or Dwarf Fescue Sod

  • Prepare soil & top with Kellogg® Topper® to keep seed bed moist. On sale this month for $5.49 per 2 cu ft bag!___________________________________________________________

Feeding and Maintenance:

Lawns

  • Over-seed your warm-season lawn, for year-round green grass. Use cool-season grasses such as Pennington® Annual Rye Grass Seed for quick germination and top with Kellogg® Topper®. 50 pounds of Annual Rye Grass seed covers 5,000 square feet. Keep the ground damp until rye seeds sprout.

  • Feed cool-season lawns with a cool season fertilizer such as Best® Nitra-King® 19-4-4

  • Don’t feed warm season lawns anymore. They are going dormant this time of year.

  • Keep Lawns Healthy: Rake falling leaves from lawns as leaves could impede lawn growth. If a lawn is in need of repair - sow in annual rye seeds to cover brown spots and to introduce new growth. After seeding, scatter a light covering of soil amendment and water thoroughly.

Plants, Trees & Shrubs

  • Roses. Pull rose petals off old blooms instead of cutting the stems. This will encourage rose hips and semi-dormancy. Last month should have been your last feeding of the year; there is no need to feed roses this month. Select roses that are not performing well and remove.

  • Prepare Plumerias for winter dormancy. Feed well with a high phosphorus fertilizer. Remove dead flowers & leaves. They start to turn yellow and snap off very easily. Be sure to remove potted Plumerias from out of the rain. Too much rain can cause damage to your prized plant! Place next to a building or under a covered patio to protect from cold. Cover soil in pots with mulch. When frost is a threat, bring pants inside if you can. Once leaves are dormant, hold back all water and fertilizer.

  • Native Plants: If you haven’t already prepared your native landscape for winter & spring do so now. Prune and deadhead the sages and buckwheats. Do not prune toyon because it will still look very good in November & December. Dig new holes for plantings. Fill with water several times and allow to drain before planting. Little or no soil amendments should be used. The next few months are the best for establishing your native plant garden.

  • Deciduous Fruit Trees. Prune trees and vines after their foliage has dropped. Spray dormant deciduous trees and vines with Horticultural Oil to kill scale, insects, spider mites and other over-wintering pests.

  • Spray peach and nectarine trees with a fungicide such as lime sulfur (calcium polysulfide) to control leaf curl.

  • Provide frost protection to young avocado, citrus and other subtropical fruit trees. We have many options available for frost protection.

  • Prune pine trees and other conifers now through February if there are signs of dead and diseased branches. Many evergreens don’t need a lot of pruning, but in order to maintain shape and remove diseased branches it can be necessary. Early fall is the best time of year.

  • Prune acacias. Prune cane berries other than low-chill raspberries.
  • Divide matilija poppy.

  • Open up spaces in dense trees to allow wind to pass through.

  • Cut back chrysanthemums after bloom; clean up the ground.

  • Herbs. You can prune your rosemary, sage & lavender to shape it. Harvest lemongrass, chaste berries, ginkgo leaves and fennel seed.

  • Most ferns aren’t growing much this time of year so don’t over water them. Trim off dead fronds. Fertilize early this month and then stop until spring.

  • Continue feeding your camellias this month through January with Gardner & Bloome® Azalea and Camellia Food. Remove all but the largest bud where bud clusters exist. Disbudding provides larger but fewer blooms. Pick up blooms that fall to the ground to prevent diseases such as petal blight. Feed with an iron supplement such as Ironite for dark green leaves. If rains are heavy, cut back on watering. Just remember not to let your plants dry out if rains are not adequate.

  • Some camellias are beginning their dormant season. Move, re-pot or bare-root and re-pot now. When planting in the ground or a pot, plant one inch higher than soil level. Camellias don’t like their crowns covered. Be sure to check the tag on your camellia to check if they prefer sun or shade.

  • Begonias. Continue watering if rains are not adequate.  Clean out spent blooms and dead leaves. Keep roots covered by adding soil or mulch. Spray for pests, insects or mildew. Feed your plants lightly several times a month. If you’re using a slow release fertilizer you do not need to feed as often.

  • Bromeliads. Reduce watering and stop fertilizing your outdoor plants during the cold months. You may continue to fertilizer your green house/indoor plants year round. Protect your plants from frost, wind or hail. Use shade cloth to protect from hail or DeWitt Frost cloth during freezing temperatures.

  • Watch the weather and be aware of cooler temperatures. Keep your frost tender cacti & succulent plants in a dry protected area. These include lithops, adeniums, pachypodiums, small potted cacti and others. Trim trees and bushes removing all dead foliage to insure adequate sunshine. Potted plants should have proper drainage.

  • Mulch around plants at least 3” to retain soil moisture. Grangetto’s carries many types of mulches; some include: Kellogg® Soil Building Compost and 3 sizes of Sierra Bark.

  • We had lots of rain near the end of October. Prepare for more if you haven’t already. Grangetto’s carries a full line of Erosion materials such as, straw wattles, straw mats, silt fence, and jute netting. Grangetto’s also carries rain gear, such as Rain Boots & Suits, Tarps and Plastic Sheeting.

  • Repair drain systems if needed. Grangetto’s carries a variety of drainage supplies, such as Drain Pipe, Grates & Boxes. Proper drainage can protect your landscape, house and prized plants!

  • Stake young trees loosely so they can develop strong trunks.

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Watering:

  • As the weather cools and days are shorter, reset your irrigation timer to water less frequently. However, don't change the number of minutes the system waters each time.

  • In many areas, trees and shrubs will need watering only every week to week and a half, and citrus trees just once a month. But, be sure not to let citrus dry out during times of frost/freeze.
  • Continue periodic and thorough irrigation of fruit trees to maintain adequate soil moisture until winter rains begin.
  • Reduce watering to your roses so that the rose will survive but not be encouraged to grow.

  • Now is a perfect time to start planning on how you are going to save water in your landscape, if you haven’t already.  Installing or retrofitting an existing irrigation system to utilize the most up-to-date technology will help you save water. Grangetto’s can help you make the SMART WATER CHOICE in your landscape. Call us or stop by your favorite location so we can help!
  • Be sure to follow your local watering restrictions and guidelines

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Pests to Watch for:

  • Snails & Slugs: Use Organic Gro Power® Slug N Snail, Organic Sluggo® Plus, Original Sluggo® or Corry’s® Snail & Slug Meal or Pellets

  • Lawn pests: Use Bayer® Multi-Insect Killer or Spectracide® Triazicide

  • Rats & Mice: Use Hawk® All Weather Rodent Block.

  • Caterpillars: Use Safer® Caterpillar Killer, Monterey® Garden Insect Spray or Green Light Lawn & Garden Spray with Spinosad. Look these pests on your broccoli and cabbage!

  • Rose Pests: Use Bayer® All-in-One Rose & Flower Care, Bayer® 3-in-1 Insect Disease and Mite Control or Green Light® Rose Defense.

  • Fruit Tree Pests: Use Monterey® Garden Insect Spray to combat caterpillars and other listed pests on fruit trees, vegetables and ornamentals. It is OMRI listed for Organic Use too.

  • Weeds: Hand pull weeds in garden beds. Use Green Light® Crabgrass Preventer or Bayer® Season Long Weed Control in lawns. Use Green Light® Amaze in ornamentals & flower beds.  For non-selective areas, use Roundup ®or QuickPro® products. Be sure to use a good sprayer such as Hudson® Sprayers.

Fall is a great time to enjoy your yard. On cooler days, bundle up and relax in your favorite spot!

 

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